Insect control Manchester Glossop Lancashire UK
Insects At Pest Control Services UK
Below is a bit of information on some insects we control.
German Cockroach, Steamfly, or Shiner: For most people the idea that they may have cockroaches in their home is intensely unpleasant, but for one with an eye for such things they are elegant insects with a natural capability to survive in the most adverse conditions imaginable. The adult insects are from 10 to 15mm in length and are yellowish - brown in colour. The female is slightly larger and broader than the male, but both sexes have fully developed wings. These are not used for flying, but for gliding when they jump, for instance, from table to the floor. German cockroaches are more active during darkness, and normally spend the hours of light hidden in cracks and crevices in a warm location e.g. near ovens, radiators and around refrigerator compressors. They will eat practically anything, and are gregarious, living together in large numbers. Being excellent climbers they can move along walls and ceilings finding their way throughout buildings. The German cockroach is not normally found out of doors in this country........
The female lays her eggs in a brown capsule which is about 8mm long it is divided into between 30 -40 small compartments, each containing a single egg. In the German cockroach the female carries the egg capsule, (which is glossy brown in colour) protruding from her genital aperture on her abdomen until the small wingless young nymphs are ready to hatch out. She carries them from two to four weeks before the young hatch. At room temperature the full development to the adult stage takes about six months.
Common Cockroach, Oriental Cockroach, Blackclock: This species is found in such places as kitchens, bakeries, restaurants and houses. . A disgusting odour is associated with these insects. The adults are shiny dark brown to black in colour and are 20 - 24mm in length. the males possess wings which cover about two thirds of the abdomen, but the wings of the female are reduced to short
Common cockroach: The egg capsule of the Common cockroach contains about 15 eggs, it is larger than the German cockroach capsule and is dark brown in colour and about 10mm in length. The female carries the capsule around protruding from her abdomen for a short period of time before depositing it in a warm sheltered situation, usually near to a food supply. After about two months it splits open and the small nymphs crawl out. The female is capable of laying up to 9 capsules. The nymphs moult 6 to 10 times increasing in size with each moult until they reach the adult stage.
Reason for control:
Both species of cockroach can carry pathogenic bacteria on their bodies contaminating and spoiling food , as well as fouling and tainting it with their disgusting odour. In addition to this is the fear factor and the distress they can cause people by their presence. In domestic premises, where an infestation is present, they will manifest themselves in such places as kitchens, bathrooms, and in warm locations such as around cookers, refrigerators and boilers. In large buildings such as blocks of flats, offices, and warehouses etc, where several properties are adjoining -an infestation of cockroaches can become a real problem, and controlling them a major task.
The presence of cockroaches in commercial premises is a serious matter which should be given urgent attention. The situation is even worse if food is stored, processed, or sold there. Having such a problem could cost you your business or, at the least, a very heavy fine. Being unaware of their presence is no defence. 'The Food Safety Act 1990' states that food premises must be kept free from vermin at all times. All food premises should seriously consider preventative measures in the form of a 'Pest Control Contract' with a reputable company to safeguard their business and livelihood.........
There can be no doubt whatsoever on this matter, controlling cockroaches can only be done effectively by a reputable professional company. They are indeed a very difficult insect to control successfully. Control measures for cockroaches has become more and more complex over the years. As well as having some understanding of their biology and behaviour, and how they react to the latest methods of control; professional insecticides and correct application and frequency of use are essential factors in dealing with these biological wonders. Many millions of pounds are spent annually by companies striving for the most effective solution to the cockroach problem. So if you have a problem, and you are considering going down to your local D.I.Y. for a can of bug spray, our advice is don't bother! 'Call the experts instead!
There are eleven species of wasp found in Europe but only two, the common wasp, and the German wasp cause us any real concern, although occasionally we may encounter the French wasp.
It is unlikely that any one would need to be told just what a wasp looks like. at the height of summer it is practically impossible to avoid some contact with them, but despite the fact that they can become a real nuisance, as well as the threat from being stung, they can be a useful insect in our environment. Wasps in their daily routine control other insect pests, and clear dead insect carcasses as well as acting as pollinators.
The queens normally emerge from their winter quarters in mid-April, and each one starts to search for a suitable site for its future colony- this may be a cavity in a wall, in a loft, or under the eaves of a house. Other favourite locations are, garden sheds, privet hedges and holes in the ground. The queen starts the colony by building a spherical cell about the size of a walnut. The nest is built from wasps paper, a mixture she makes from chewed wood, plant debris and saliva. Inside the cell she constructs between 10 - 20 hexagonal cells and lays a egg in each one. When these hatch she is kept busy fetching food for the larvae. The larvae then construct silken cocoons in which they pupate, about a month later the first workers emerge. These are smaller than the queen and are all female - male wasps emerge later in the season. The queen can now concentrate solely on egg laying, whilst the workers take over the nest construction enlarging it as required. They also forage for food, ventilate the nest and feed the developing wasps larvae. By the end of the summer, the nest may house over 20,000 wasps. With the onset of autumn, new queens and males are bred. Once fertilisation has taken place the males die and the young queens search for a suitable hibernation site to spend winter i.e. lofts and under the bark of trees. Because wasps have not evolved to the level of storing food over winter the colonies die when conditions become too cold, existing nests decompose and are never re-used.:
Queen over-winters under bark or in other sheltered location
in early spring the queen starts to build the nest.
About a month later the first workers emerge
The colony is expanded during the summer months
At the height of summer the population of workers reaches a peak, and become a nuisance
in autumn young queens and males are bred and fertilisation occurs for the following year.
At the onset of winter colonies demise. Nest decomposes and is not re-used.
Reason for control:
To most of us being stung by a wasp can be an extremely unpleasant, if not traumatic - but to some they can prove fatal. The ability of these insects to inflict multiple stings means that for certain individuals, they can kill. At the very least a wasp sting can cause a great deal of irritation, old fashioned remedies such as the application of vinegar, which is still used today, will almost certainly irritate the sting further as wasps venom is not alkaline. The best advice is to clean the area around the site of the sting and apply an anti histamine preparation. Controlling wasps at the height of summer is essential - despite the nuisance factor wasps can carry pathogenic bacteria on to food from carrion. Food and processing establishments are especially at risk.
Despite the large number of wasps nests destroyed annually, the number of infestations continue to increase yearly. There is no doubt that the easiest way to control wasps is to destroy the nest. If a large number of wasps are present continually then that in itself would indicate either a nest close by, or a something of considerable attraction. By closely watching their behaviour pattern should indicate just why they are present in numbers. This will normally result in either finding the location of the nest, or some source of attraction. Where a nest is located it should be treated with extreme caution as wasps are capable of warning each other of any pending danger. It is recommended that professional help is sought. The best time to treat a wasps nest is either early or late in the day. Should you decide to try to deal with it yourself, make sure you are well protected and that you follow any instructions given with the products you purchase.
Black Garden Ant (Lasius niger)
There are many thousands species of ants known to man, many of their habits and the food they eat differ considerably. The most common ant in Britain is the Black Garden Ant or otherwise known as the Common Black Ant which prefers a diet of sweet foodstuffs. They are usually seen in our gardens, around walls and under stones and paving. Occasionally they enter buildings.
Scientists believe ants gradually evolved from wasps more than 100 million years ago.
Ants like all true insects have three main body parts: head, thorax and abdomen.
The Black Ant worker ant is between 3-5 mm long, and despite its name is dark brown in colour.
The Black Ant queen is around 15mm long and mid brown in colour.
Mating of black ants takes place over a short period of time normally during warm summer days in July and August. The mating nearly always occurs on the wing and lasts a few hours, during which time large swarms of ants can be seen flying around. After mating the male dies, and the newly fertilised queen will begin to search for a suitable nesting site where she will create a cell for her new colony and over winter there. Occasionally a newly fertilised queen may return to her existing colony where she is accepted as an extra queen. She will normally lay her first eggs in late spring, and it normally takes about 3-4 weeks for the white legless larvae to hatch out. The larvae are then fed with a salivary substance from the queens mouth, this period will normally last about three weeks, following which the larvae pupate. This first generation of worker ants will emerge from their cocoons within two weeks and take on their duties of foraging for food such as dead insects, seeds, nectar and sugary secretions from greenfly . The workers will also be responsible for rearing the young, keeping the nest clean and removing any dead ants or debris. Approximately 90% of the workers are involved in rearing the young and tending the nest, and the other 10% forage for food. The queen will now spend all her time in the nest laying eggs and tending to her young...........
Eggs hatch in 3-4 weeks.
Larval stage about 3 weeks
Pupil stage 1-2 weeks
Reason for control:
Black worker ants can become a real nuisance, especially during the summer months, when they frantically forage for food and water. They will travel a considerable distance in search of a suitable food supply marking their trail along the way and communicating with other ants by tapping them with their antennae. Their preference being for sweet foods. They will enter areas like kitchens, and food preparation areas, whilst foraging, and where sweet substances are found they will soon be present in numbers .
Black ants can also become a nuisance on the outside as well. They excavate the soil making it dry. Cracked paving and poorly laid flag stones will provide ants with suitable conditions to breed in abundance.
Black ants cultivate greenfly whilst feeding on the sweet sticky secretions they produce. In doing so they sometimes transmit viruses from diseased plants to healthy ones
Black garden ants do not present any major threat to our health, but can become a real nuisance when they enter our homes and workplaces. Effective control can only be achieved by destroying their nests with insecticide. Applying a suitable residual insecticide around the area of the nest or to the places where they are entering the property should have a considerable impact on the colony and reduce activity. Particular attention should be given to air vents, doors, windows and cracks and crevices. Nests can sometimes be traced by following ant trails.
Any insecticidal products used should be applied with extreme caution and the instructions given should be fully adhered to in the interests of your own safety. Where a problem is severe professional help should be sought.
Honey bee (Apis mellifera)
The Honey bee is unique by the fact that it is probably the only insect species to have become a true domestic animal. Bee hives were common in Egypt some 5,000 years ago. The nest of the Honey bee has the reputation of being the most perfectly organised state known among insects. It is ruled by a single queen. the mother of all the occupants of the hive.
A typical honey bee colony is made up of one queen, thousands of workers, and a few hundred drones. A colony of honey bees can number up to 80,000, all the residents having defined duties. The queen lays the eggs. The workers, which live only a short time, perform different tasks. In the first phase of their life they keep the nest clean, and subsequently feed and help rear the young grubs. They are also kept busy building the regular hexagonal cells of the comb from wax produced by their wax glands; they also concentrate nectar and fill the cells with pollen. When they have completed these tasks they act for a short time as guards. The last phase of their life is spent collecting pollen and nectar. The hive only contains males (drones) in spring and early summer, their sole function being to fertilise the new queens. The queen measures 16-20mm. The workers 12-15mm and the males 14-18mm. The honey bees body is golden brown and black in colour with pale orange/yellow rings on the abdomen.
Bees develop from the eggs laid by the queen . During the mating the drone places semen inside the queen's body. The queen stores the sperm in a sac in her abdomen. If the queen releases sperm onto a egg, the egg hatches into a worker. If she does not release sperm it develops into a drone. Honey bee eggs are pearly white and about as big as the head of a pin. Development starts as soon as the eggs are laid. After about three days the tiny larva crawls out of the egg. The workers provide the growing larva with a rich creamy substance called Royal Jelly which is rich in vitamins and proteins. This is formed by glands in the head of the young worker bees. When the larva is three days old, the workers begin to feed it a mixture of honey and pollen called beebread. The workers place a wax cap over the cell containing the larvae about one week after it hatches from the egg. In the cell the larvae becomes a pupae and develops into an adult. The adult worker bee bites its way out of the cell about 21 days after the egg is laid. Drones take about 24 days to develop...
Reason for control:
Honey bees are a very beneficial insect in our environment and only occasionally does their presence constitute a pest problem. Most professional pest control companies are reluctant to use pesticides on bees nests unless absolutely necessary. Occasionally however there are no alternatives; i.e. where their presence may cause a risk to health and welfare.) Swarming bees may also cause a serious health risk when present in large numbers. Where honey bees do become a problem our advice is consult a beekeeper first to see if they can offer an alternative to destruction.
Honey bees are very susceptible to insecticides, where individual bees are a problem, an aerosol insecticide should prove sufficient for controlling the odd nuisance bee. Dealing with more serious problems like nests, swarms etc, should be left to the experts. Because honey bees survive winter conditions active nests will continue to expand from one year to the next. Their presence in places like chimney stacks, roof voids and cavities can cause many problems, such as blockages in flues, and severe staining to the fabric and plasterwork of buildings. Where nests are treated with insecticides, it is important that as much of the nest is removed as possible following the treatment, and measures should be taken to prevent any non-target foraging honey bees from entering the nesting site and taking away any contaminated honey. Failure to do this may lead to contamination of honey destined for food use, serious bee kills, and destruction of hives.
Please feel free to call our profesional insect control team.
Pest Control Glossop
24 hour Mobile: 07949 327606