Vermin control Manchester Glossop Lancashire UK
Here is a bit of information on Vermin and some of the vermin we control.
The Rabbit has been around since the 13th century and were probably introduced around the time of the Norman Conquest. In the early days they were prized for their meat and fur, and many estates reared them.
Nowadays rabbit is regarded as vermin because of the damage they do to young trees, agricultural crops, grassland, gardens etc. Also structural damage can be done by tunneling into railway embankments, under electric pylons, flood defenses, buildings etc.
The Female rabbit is able to reproduce within 3-4 months of being born, and can produce 21 offspring per year, although the average is nearer 10 or 11. They can live for up to 7-8 years in the wild but usually only 15-18 months
Rabbits live mostly in burrows, but can live under garden sheds, junk, compost heaps, dense shrubs etc.
There are numerous ways of controlling vermin including the rabbit. These include spring traps, live capture traps, snares, ferreting, gassing and shooting. Gassing should only be carried out by professionals, and shooting is only possible in certain cases.
The mole is widespread throughout Great Britain. They have large shovel shaped front limbs which are used for digging, very small eyes and no external ear flaps. Adult moles are solitary and live almost entirely underground in tunnels which can extend over a large area.
They will have two depths of tunnel. The deepest will be between 2-8in or more below the surface. This is when you will see mole hills, which is the excavated soil from the tunnel system. The other type is the surface tunnel which is just below the ground and can be recognised by soil or grass pushed up as a ridge along the length of the run. These are less permanent than the deep tunnels. Nests for sleeping are made from grass and leaves, usually in part of the deep tunnel.
The breeding season is between February and June usually with one litter of between 2-7, but on average 4. These are born in nests similar to the sleeping areas.
The mole feeds mostly on earthworms but will also eat insects, larvae etc. They are active for 4-5 hours at a time, and then rest for similar periods. They do not hibernate.
Moles can be controlled by trapping or fumigating by householders; or by professionals who may use gas and poison baits in some situations.
Control is best carried out between October and April when moles tend to be most active and new workings can be seen. Locating the deep runs can be done by probing the ground with a stick. When the run is located the stick will suddenly give and then can be excavated either to trap or fumigate.
Brown Rat (rattus norvegicus)
The common brown rat also known as the Sewer rat, Norway rat, Wharf rat and Common rat. Originated from Asia, China. First recorded in Europe at the beginning of the 18th Century. Originally referred to as Norway rats because it was believed they traveled here from the East on Norwegian timber ships.
The rat is probaly one of the more known form of vermin what needs controlling.
Adult rat weight: 100-500 grams.
Length of head and body: 200-250mm.
Length of tail: 150 -200mm shorter than head and body.
Fur, colour: This can vary, but normally brown to grey back with lighter underside.
Ears, hearing: Small, thick, opaque with fine hairs - Excellent sense of hearing.
Eyes, sight: Small, poor sight, colour blind.
Snout, smell and taste: Blunt. Excellent sense of smell and taste.
Droppings: Normally in groups, but sometimes scattered, capsule shaped.
Droppings size: Around 20mm long (about the size of a peanut ).
The Rats Habitat :
The Common brown rat lives indoors, outdoors and in sewers and can burrow. Sometimes they live in their burrows. They are excellent jumpers, climbers and swimmers and can easily squeeze through very small openings. They will take every opportunity to gain access to our environment whether it be domestic premises, factories, institutions or farms. The brown rat must drink water daily, unless its food source is extremely moist. Their behavior is somewhat predictable in taking a set path and in doing so they create runs which can be a good indication of their presence.
Despite their eagerness to exploit new locations freely they have a tendency to avoid new objects for several days, i.e. baits placed on their runs. This is known as Neophobia - New Object Reaction The Brown rat has a range of between 50 and 100 meters.
Rats are omniverous, but prefer to eat cereals wherever possible. They will however eat just about anything including meat. Where no water is available their diet needs to be of a moist nature. On average they will consume up to 30 grams of food each day about one tenth of their body weight.
Rats breed quickly. On average the female rat can produce up to five litters a year, each litter having between 8 - 10 young, these would reach sexual maturity in 8-12 weeks. Further mating is possible almost immediately after the birth of the litter. With this in mind it is essential that known problems with vermin such as rats are dealt with speedily.
Life span: 9-18 months
Sexual maturity: 8-12 weeks
Litter size : 8-10 offspring
Reproduction rate: 7 litters per year
Reason for rat control:
There is little doubt that rats are detested by most people. It is common knowledge that this vermin spread disease, contaminate foodstuff and cause serious damage to buildings and materials. The rats capability to carry serious disease is without doubt the reason why we most fear them. When we think of the rat and disease our first thoughts are usually of the plague but this is no longer an hazard. Rats do however, still carry very serious diseases which can be potentially fatal to humans and other animals i.e. Weill's disease and murine typhus, as well such organisms as Salmonella bacteria, parasites, viruses and worms.
Rats, like mice continually gnaw on solid objects. Rat damage in buildings can prove very costly. Fires can cause hundreds of thousands of pounds worth of damage where cables and wires are gnawed. Gas and water pipes are also at risk. Continual rat burrowing can cause serious subsidence to buildings.
All in all, rats are real threat to our environment and this sort of vermin must be controlled.!
Because of the risk that rats pose we can offer little advice on self control measures. If rats are on your property either inside or outside you should seek professional help immediately. Such problems need to be dealt with quickly by someone professionally qualified in pest control.
House Mouse ( Mus Domesticus.)
Originated in Central Asia. Believed to have been present in Britain from as early as the 9th Century.
Adult weight: 15gram
Length of tail : 80-100mm (usually longer than head and body)
Fur,colour: Brownish grey, though may be lighter.
Ears, hearing: Large with some hair. Excellent sense of hearing.
Eyes, sight: Small eyes. Poor sight, colour blind.
Snout, smell and taste: Pointed.
Smell and taste: Excellent sense of smell and taste
Droppings : Scattered. Rod shaped 3-6mm long ( normally about the size of a grain of rice.)
The House mouse lives both indoors and outdoors, and occasionally burrows. In this country they need to find shelter from cold and wet in order to survive as they soon lose their body heat. They normally enter buildings during cooler weather and make their home there. Being very good climbers and having an excellent sense of balance, means they can very quickly become established throughout buildings. Climbing walls and running along pipe work, ducting etc, allows them to explore their habitat fully. Mice can survive on a relatively poor diet as they eat only 3 to 4 grams per day and can survive without water provided their food supply contains some moisture. In an environment where food, water and warmth are present mice will normally breed rapidly if left unchecked.
House mice are very inquisitive in their behavior exploring everything they come up against. Being sporadic feeders they eat very little in each feeding session preferring to nibble a little from each food source they may find. Because mice feed in such a way their presence in food premises can be devastating -damaging, spoiling and contaminating food over a short period of time-.e.g... just one nibble from several packs of food can prove wasteful and costly as well as the added risk of food poisoning. Having vermin on your premises means you are breaking the law If it occurs on a regular basis - it can also lose you customers very quickly! PEST CONTROL CONTRACTS for this vermin ensure premises are kept free from such occurrences! Mice are generally omnivorous, this means they will eat anything if they are desperate, but they do prefer cereal based foods in particular as well as canary seed, grass seed and chocolate. Surprisingly though cheese is not their favorite food as we are led to believe from certain quarters. Mice will adapt to a particular food source depending on their environment, which can sometimes create problems when laying baits. In order to encourage them to feed, the bait should have a similar base to their existing food source wherever possible.
There is no doubt that house mice have the potential to breed rapidly . In optimum conditions the female house mouse can become sexually mature at only six weeks old ( later where conditions are less favorable) with gestation lasting between 19 and 21 days. Mating is possible almost immediately after the birth of each litter, and in ideal conditions the female can give birth to a litter about every 25 days.
In urban environments mice can continue to breed throughout the year each producing between 6 and 10 litters containing anything up to 8 young.
Commensal house mice can live for over two years if conditions are favorable, though their average life span is about ten months.
Average span: between 8 and 12 months.
Sexual maturity: six weeks.
Litter size: 4 to 8 offspring.
Reproduction rate: 6 to 8 litters per year
Reason for control:
Mice have an ability to adapt themselves to almost any environment . Their great reproduction potential and and this vermins ability to survive on the minimum of food makes them extremely successful animals. Their capability in exploiting man's environment means they can in many ways cause adverse effects on our health and welfare.
The Mouse will carry pathogenic (harmful) organisms such as Salmonella bacteria which when deposited on food preparation surfaces or on food itself can cause food poisoning.
Food which mice have been in contact with will no longer be fit for human consumption due to the possibility of contamination and needs to be destroyed.
The mouse can cause serious damage to property through their constant gnawing. As well as damaging consumable and non - consumable goods, they can also cause serious fires and flooding by gnawing through wiring, cables and pipe work.
As well the nuisance factorof this vermin, some people consider the presence of rats and mice as the most terrifying experience imaginable and will not tolerate them in their homes and workplace. Such occurrences can contribute to lost working days due to the effect on the health of some individuals.
Employers can soon lose employees, customers and business (rodent damage can be considerable) as well as risking possible prosecution where these vermin are present in the workplace.
The conventional mouse trap or snap trap: is a fairly straight forward piece of equipment, but there are a couple of tips which may help in its use. Placing the platform end of the trap up against a wall or solid object will certainly reduce the chances of the mouse using its lightning reflexes to escape. Baiting the trap should be done with a minimum amount of food, the less the better, it makes it more difficult for the mouse to get at it. without triggering the trap. Believe it or not some experts will even advocate the 'no bait on trap' method, the theory being that the shear inquisitiveness of the mouse will lure it on to the trap - not recommended by us !
Rodenticides We believe are the best method for controlling this vermin (nowadays, the majority of these being anti-coagulants) but in saying that, using a rodenticide to treat mice is a little like becoming ill ? You can go to a shop and buy something you think may help, maybe you have just got a headache, and a couple of painkillers will do the trick, but supposing the pills you are taking don't resolve your problem, do you just keep taking them, or do you visit your doctor for advice in case your condition is something more serious? Buying a rodenticide may or may not resolve your problem, sometimes there is much more to dealing with mice than just putting down a pot of poison and hoping that the it does the trick -you may get it right- but if you do not your problem could get a great deal worse before it gets better. There are a number of very good rodenticides available to the general public but any particular problem may dictate which is the best one to use, and to ensure they work safely and effectively always follow the instructions supplied- and proceed with caution!. Remember you get what you pay for in this world so if in doubt call in the professionals, or at least seek their advice.
Prevention is better than cure. 'If only it was that easy!' There are, however, a number of things you can do which will reduce the chances of the mouse entering your property. External rodent proofing will reduce the chances of vermin entering the inside of buildings. Sealing unnecessary holes and gaps on the outside may be sufficient to send them next door. Finally should you be unfortunate enough to get a visitation - remember this- good housekeeping is the best way of making them work for survival, eliminating food and shelter reduces their chances of breeding and increases the chance of trapping or poisoning them.
Please feel free to call our profesional pest and vermin control team.